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美國有線新聞網絡(CNN)獨家披露,華府過去一周審視一份有關中國廣東台山核電廠被指有放射性物質外洩的報告,中方一直沒公開詳情,反而要共同營運核廠的法資核反應堆公司向外警告稱「放射性威脅迫在眉睫」。報道引述消息人士稱,雖然法國有警告,但拜登政府認為台山核電廠並未達到「危機水平」(crisis level)。CNN指北京、廣東省政府、中國駐華盛頓大使館以及台山核電廠的中方營運公司都未有回應。

CNN指取得法國核反應堆公司法馬通(Framatome)兩度去信美國能源部的信件,提到台山核電廠有放射性物質外洩,又指中國當局的應對是調升核電廠外輻射檢測的合格標準,避免台山核電廠要停工。

法馬通一周內兩去信美方求支援

報道指,法馬通的首封信件是在本月3日發出,要求華府允許它們分享美方的技術支援,以解決台山核電廠正洩漏核裂變氣體的「緊急安全問題」。法馬通在上周二亦再次去信美國能源部,要求加快批准共享技術支援。

華府只會在兩種情況下授予有關豁免權,其中之一是面對「迫在眉睫的放射性威脅」,這與信件中使用的措辭相同。法馬通又指向美國求助的原因,是中國當局「不斷調升放射性物質檢測標準」以當作安全,而非停止台山核電廠的運作,又指有關檢測標準已超過法方的安全準則。



CNN製圖標出台山核電廠與各大城市的位置。美國家安全委員會召開多次會議審視情況

CNN指美國國家安全委員會一周內曾召開了多次會議,審視台山核電廠疑洩放射性物質的情況,而消息人士亦指拜登政府有與法國政府及其能源部專家討論。華府官員亦透露美國一直有與中共政府接觸,但並不清楚詳情。
消息人士稱拜登政府認為,台山核電廠的情況並未達到「危機水平」(crisis level)。華府就拒絕評論就事件的評估結果,美國國家安全委員會、國務院和能源部的官員亦只稱,如果中國民眾面臨任何風險,美國是受條款約束有必要將核事故公諸於世。

美方認為未對公眾構成嚴重安全威脅

報道指雖然美國官員認為目前情況,並未對核電廠工人或中國民眾構成嚴重安全威脅,但與中國合作的外資公司在中方未承認存在問題前,卻單方面向華府尋求協助是「不尋常」 。如果洩漏情況持續或變得更為嚴重而未獲解決,將令美國陷入複雜的境況。

美國退休核科學家羅弗(Cheryl Rofer)表示:「法國要求支援並不出奇,總括來說這種事並不奇怪,特別是她們認為妳特別有能力可以提供幫助。

但中國總喜歡裝作情況一切安好,經常性這樣做。」

法馬通回應CNN時承認該公司「正協助解決中國廣東省台山核電廠的問題」,但指根據現有數據核電廠仍在安全許可標準下運作,稱會與相關專家合作評估情況並提出解決任何潛在問題的方案。不過法馬通沒有直接承認曾去信美國能源部求助。

美國有線新聞網絡
-----------------------------

呢隻會唔會係香港嘅黑天鵝?台山離香港幾遠?

為安定人心,政府係咪應該向市民公佈幅射水平,睇吓有冇超錶?


新聞來源連結:
https://hk.appledaily.com/international/20210614/INDPO5SRNZBIXC3GOB7ZDNFTDE/

[ 本帖最後由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 03:21 PM 編輯 ]



熱賣及精選
Exclusive: US assessing reported leak at Chinese nuclear power facility

By Zachary Cohen, CNN

Updated 0555 GMT (1355 HKT) June 14, 2021(CNN)The US government has spent the past week assessing a report of a leak at a Chinese nuclear power plant, after a French company that part owns and helps operate it warned of an "imminent radiological threat," according to US officials and documents reviewed by CNN.

The warning included an accusation that the Chinese safety authority was raising the acceptable limits for radiation detection outside the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant in Guangdong province in order to avoid having to shut it down, according to a letter from the French company to the US Department of Energy obtained by CNN.

Despite the alarming notification from Framatome, the French company, the Biden administration believes the facility is not yet at a "crisis level," one of the sources said.

While US officials have deemed the situation does not currently pose a severe safety threat to workers at the plant or Chinese public, it is unusual that a foreign company would unilaterally reach out to the American government for help when its Chinese state-owned partner is yet to acknowledge a problem exists. The scenario could put the US in a complicated situation should the leak continue or become more severe without being fixed.

However, concern was significant enough that the National Security Council held multiple meetings last week as they monitored the situation, including two at the deputy level and another gathering at the assistant secretary level on Friday, which was led by NSC Senior Director for China Laura Rosenberger and Senior Director for Arms Control Mallory Stewart, according to US officials.
The Biden administration has discussed the situation with the French government and their own experts at the Department of Energy, sources said. The US has also been in contact with the Chinese government, US officials said, though the extent of that contact is unclear.


The US government declined to explain the assessment but officials at the NSC, State Department and the Department of Energy insisted that if there were any risk to the Chinese public, the US would be required to make it known under current treaties related to nuclear accidents.

Framatome had reached out to the US in order to obtain a waiver that would allow them to share American technical assistance in order to resolve the issue at the Chinese plant. There are only two reasons why this waiver would be granted, and one is an "imminent radiological threat," the same verbiage used in the June 8 memo.

The memo claims the Chinese limit was increased to exceed French standards, yet it remains unclear how that compares to US limits."

It is not surprising that the French would reach out," according to Cheryl Rofer, a nuclear scientist who retired from Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2001. "In general, this sort of thing is not extraordinary, particularly if they think the country they are contacting has some special ability to help."

"But China likes to project that everything is just fine, all the time," she added.

The US could give permission for Framatome to provide the technical assistance or support to help resolve the issue, but it is the Chinese government's decision whether the incident requires shutting down the plant completely, the documents obtained by CNN indicate.

Ultimately, the June 8 request for assistance from Framatome is the only reason why the US became involved in the situation at all, multiple sources told CNN.

CNN has reached out to the Chinese authorities in Beijing and Guangdong province, where the plant is located, the Chinese embassy in Washington, DC, as well as the state-owned energy group that operates the plant along with the French company. None have responded, though China is amidst a three-day national holiday that runs through the end of Monday.

In a statement Friday, hours after CNN first reached out for comment, Framatome acknowledged the company "is supporting resolution of a performance issue with the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant in Guangdong Province, China."

"According to the data available, the plant is operating within the safety parameters. Our team is working with relevant experts to assess the situation and propose solutions to address any potential issue," the statement added.

Framatome would not directly address the content of the letter to the Department of Energy when asked by CNN.

The letter comes as tensions between Beijing and Washington remain high and as G7 leaders met this weekend in the United Kingdom with China an important topic of discussion. There are no indications the reports of a leak were discussed at a high level at the summit.

A warning from a French nuclear company

The issue first emerged when Framatome, a French designer and supplier of nuclear equipment and services that was contracted to help construct and operate the Chinese-French plant, reached out to the US Department of Energy late last month informing them of a potential issue at the Chinese nuclear plant.

The company, mainly owned by Électricité de France (EDF), a French utility company, then submitted an operational safety assistance request on June 3, formally asking for a waiver that would allow them to address an urgent safety matter, to the Department of Energy, warning American officials that the nuclear reactor is leaking fission gas.

The company followed up with DOE on June 8 asking for an expedited review of their request, according to a memo obtained by CNN.

"The situation is an imminent radiological threat to the site and to the public and Framatome urgently requests permission to transfer technical data and assistance as may be necessary to return the plant to normal operation," read the June 8 memo from the company's subject matter expert to the Energy Department.

Framatome reached out to the US government for assistance, the document indicates, because a Chinese government agency was continuing to increase its limits on the amount of gas that could safely be released from the facility without shutting it down, according to the documents reviewed by CNN.

When asked by CNN for comment, the Energy Department did not directly address the memo's claim that China was raising the limits.

In the June 8 memo, Framatome informed DOE the Chinese safety authority has continued to raise regulatory "off-site dose limits." It also says the company suspects that limit might be increased again as to keep the leaking reactor running despite safety concerns for the surrounding population.

"To ensure off-site dose limits are maintained within acceptable bounds to not cause undue harm to the surrounding population, TNPJVC (operator of Taishan-1) is required to comply with an regulatory limit and otherwise shut the reactor down if such a limit is exceeded," the June 8 memo reads.

It notes that this limit was established at a level consistent with what is dictated by the French safety authority, but "due to the increasing number of failures," China's safety authority, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has since revised the limit to more than double the initial release, "which in turn increases off-site risk to the public and on-site workers.

"As of May 30, the Taishan reactor had reached 90% of the allegedly revised limit, the memo adds, noting concerns the plant operator may be "petitioning the NNSA to further increase the shutdown limit on an exigent basis in an effort to keep running which in turn would continue to increase the risk to the off-site population and the workers at the plant site.

"The NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency in China responsible for enhancing national security through the military application of nuclear and radiation science.

The US State Department came into possession of the June 8 letter and immediately began engaging with interagency partners and with the French government, State Department officials said.

Over the course of 48-72 hours, the US government has been in repeated contact with French officials and US technical experts at DOE, State Department officials said, noting that this flurry of activity was due to the June 8 letter.

Subsequently, there were several urgent questions for the French government and Framatome, they added. CNN has reached out to the French embassy in Washington for comment.

Still, Rofer, the retired nuclear scientist, warns that a gas leak could indicate bigger problems.

"If they do have a gas leak, that indicates some of their containment is broken," Rofer said. "It also argues that maybe some of the fuel elements could be broken, which would be a more serious problem."

"That would be a reason for shutting down the reactor and would then require the reactor to be refueled," Rofer told CNN, adding that removing the fuel elements must be done carefully.For now, US officials do not think the leak is at "crisis level," but acknowledge it is increasing and bears monitoring, the source familiar with the situation told CNN.

While there is a chance the situation could become a disaster, US officials currently believe it is more likely that it will not become one, the source added.

China has expanded its use of nuclear energy in recent years, and it represents about 5% of all power generated in the country. According to China Nuclear Energy Association, there were 16 operational nuclear plants with 49 nuclear reactors in China as of March 2021, with the total generation capacity of 51,000 megawatts.

The Taishan plant is a prestige project built after China signed a nuclear electricity generation agreement with Électricité de France, which is mainly owned by the French government. The construction of the plant started in 2009, and the two units started generating electricity in 2018 and 2019, respectively.

The city of Taishan has a population of 950,000 and is situated in the southeast of the country in Guangdong province, which is home to 126 million residents and has a GDP of $1.6 trillion, comparable to that of Russia and South Korea.

CNN's Kylie Atwood, Kristen Holmes, Yong Xiong and Shans****g contributed to this report.


https://edition.cnn.com/2021/06/14/politics/china-nuclear-reactor-leak-us-monitoring/index.html

[ 本帖最後由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 03:31 PM 編輯 ]



睇下川同志點評 CNN

0:40

https://youtu.be/veZs75jlAlw

0:20

https://youtu.be/Vqpzk-qGxMU



引用:
原帖由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 02:34 PM 發表

美國有線新聞網絡(CNN)獨家披露,華府過去一周審視一份有關中國廣東台山核電廠被指有放射性物質外洩的報告,中方一直沒公開詳情,反而要共同營運核廠的法資核反應堆公司向外警告稱「放射性威脅迫在眉睫」。報道引述消息人士稱,雖然法國有警告,但拜登政府認為台山核電廠並未達到「危機水平」...

https://hk.appledaily.com/resizer/ar_gdtW-T6E1WhJU7PPyJ-KAIQU=/1200x675/filters:quality(100)/cloudfront-ap-northeast-1.images.arcpublishing.com/appledaily/RV7CD23C7NDQHHV2Q4O3IKNFXI.jpg
報道指雖然美國官員認為目前情況,並未對核電廠工人或中國民眾構成嚴重安全威脅

🤔意思是指現在工作人員無事...住在附近的人無事...
但未來可能會出事....

所以中國無事就唔公報?
但有事才公報?

😂還是911咁...未撞之前就已經新聞報定先?



[隱藏]
幫日笨 轉移視線🤔🤔


引用:
原帖由 前進可愛的波菜 於 2021-6-14 02:59 PM 發表


報道指雖然美國官員認為目前情況,並未對核電廠工人或中國民眾構成嚴重安全威脅

🤔意思是指現在工作人員無事...住在附近的人無事...
但未來可能會出事....

所以中國無事就唔公報?
但有事才公報?

😂還是911咁...未撞之前就已經新聞報定先?
我最關心係指大陸不斷提升核副射標準係咪事實。

[ 本帖最後由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 03:32 PM 編輯 ]



CNN 夠 Exclusive 話金正恩死咗, fake news 道咗歉未



岸九九  法國係核能大國要揾華府求助



引用:
原帖由 snoopy_fa 於 2021-6-14 03:02 PM 發表

CNN 夠 Exclusive 話金正恩死咗, fake news 道咗歉未



岸九九  法國係核能大國要揾華府求助
因為法國個解決方案要用到美國技術 。



突然被圍剿~日本奧委會真撳用中國軟件的手機 要取消去參與嗎
以為只是吹

[ 本帖最後由 Peter_H 於 2021-6-14 03:15 PM 編輯 ]



西人有可口可乐,佢有可防可控
[隱藏]
引用:
原帖由 snoopy_fa 於 2021-6-14 03:02 PM 發表

CNN 夠 Exclusive 話金正恩死咗, fake news 道咗歉未



岸九九  法國係核能大國要揾華府求助
連登甲甴話,已經覺得頭暈,作嘔



引用:
原帖由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 02:34 PM 發表

美國有線新聞網絡(CNN)獨家披露,華府過去一周審視一份有關中國廣東台山核電廠被指有放射性物質外洩的報告,中方一直沒公開詳情,反而要共同營運核廠的法資核反應堆公司向外警告稱「放射性威脅迫在眉睫」。報道引述消息人士稱,雖然法國有警告,但拜登政府認為台山核電廠並未達到「危機水平」...

https://hk.appledaily.com/resizer/ar_gdtW-T6E1WhJU7PPyJ-KAIQU=/1200x675/filters:quality(100)/cloudfront-ap-northeast-1.images.arcpublishing.com/appledaily/RV7CD23C7NDQHHV2Q4O3IKNFXI.jpg
又係毒果作法。



毒果新聞,可以不理


小小的一陣風呀 慢慢的走過來
請你們歇歇腳呀 暫時停下來
海上的浪花兒開呀 我才到海邊來
原來麼你也愛浪花 才到海邊來
引用:
原帖由 hfceddie 於 2021-6-14 03:02 PM 發表


我最關心係指大陸不斷提升核副射標準係咪事實。
依度班藍尸最多只會負評



垃圾蘋果又作文


[隱藏]
蘋果新聞,可以無視


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